What does Maleficium meaning?

What does Maleficium meaning?

Maleficium (plural: maleficia) as a Latin term, “An act of witchcraft performed with the intention of causing damage or injury; the resultant harm.” In general, the term applies to any magical act intended to cause harm or death to people or property.

Who was the ethnographer most responsible for knowledge about the Azande?

E. E. Evans- Pritchard
E. E. Evans- Pritchard (1971), the ethnographer most responsible for knowledge about the Azande, found, as he endeavored to gather genealogies, that “except in the royal clan, genealogical relationships between clansmen were very seldom known and usually quite untraceable” (p. 14).

What is Benge according to Azande?

Benge is the ‘Poison Oracle’ used by the Azande of Central Africa, mainly in Southern Sudan, in which a decision is determined by whether or not a fowl survives being administered a poison. The outcome of the oracle can be taken as law in certain circumstances when a Zande Chief is present.

What is Mangu witchcraft?

Among the Azande, witchcraft, or mangu, is believed to be an inherited black fluid in the belly which leads a fairly autonomous existence, and has power to perform bad magic on one’s enemies.

What is a malevolent witch?

Malevolent witches are one of the four types of witch and are extremely dangerous. They use powerful magic, and are therefore one of the main enemies of spooks. They terrorise innocents, and generally cause trouble.

What did EE Evans Pritchard study in the Nuer?

After studying modern history at the University of Oxford, Evans-Pritchard did postgraduate work in anthropology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He then did fieldwork among the Zande and Nuer of what is now South Sudan.

Is Azande a Bantu?

The Azande are a Bantu group and their language is similar to the other Bantu languages. Approximately five dialects of Azande are spoken throughout the area they occupy. Dialects include Sango in Central African Republic and Dio and Makaraka (Odio) in Sudan.

How many oracles do the Azande have?

three oracles
In this book his main focus is the three oracles of the Azande in the Sudan. These being in order of decreasing importance: the poison oracle, the termite oracle, and the rubbing board oracle.

Which of the following best describes Azande attitudes towards witchcraft?

Which of the following best describes Azande attitudes towards witchcraft? All misfortune is the result of witchcraft, even if the witch is unaware of their power. younger men often cannot afford the services of the oracle and, as a result, cannot rely on having their decisions backed by the oracle’s authority.

What was the Witchcraze?

The European witch craze of the 14th to 17th centuries was a unique historical combination of accusations against people, especially women, of whom the overwhelming majority were probably completely in- nocent, and the creation of a theological system in which witchcraft be- came a phenomenon of central importance.

What do the Azande believe in?

The belief in witchcraft is present in every aspect of Zande society. They believe it is a power that can only be passed on from a parent to their child. To the Azande, a witch uses witchcraft when he has hatred towards another person. Witchcraft can also manipulate nature to bring harm upon the victim of the witch.