What are metabolic bone diseases?
Metabolic bone diseases are disorders of bone strength usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass or bone structure, with osteoporosis being the most common.
How is metabolic bone disease assessed?
Bone mineral measurements from the radius, lumbar spine, and hip obtained with use of absorptiometry or computed tomography can be used to predict the risk of fracture at these skeletal sites, can determine the severity of bone loss for the assessment of a benefit-versus-risk ratio on which appropriate therapy can be …
Is metabolic bone disease serious?
Metabolic bone disease (i.e., hepatic osteodystrophy), which may lead to disabling pathologic fractures, is a serious complication of both PBC and PSC. Clinical manifestations include osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fracture.
What are the symptoms of metabolic bone disease?
Typical symptoms of metabolic bone disease include:
- Bowed legs.
- Hard lumps along the legs, spinal column, or jaw.
- Softening and unusual flexibility of the lower jaw.
- Difficulty raising the body off the ground.
- Decreased appetite.
What are the 3 major bone diseases?
Common bone diseases in adults and children include the following:
- Osteoporosis. One of the most prevalent bone conditions, osteoporosis involves bone loss, leading to weakened bones that are more likely to break.
- Metabolic bone diseases.
- Stress fracture.
- Bone cancer.
How do you treat MBD?
Treatment and Prognosis Fortunately, if detected early enough, MBD can often be corrected and reversed through making changes and improvements to the husbandry of the animal by providing the needed or adequate levels of UV-A and UV-B lighting and heating, proper supplementation, and other nutrients.
Can MBD be cured?
MBD takes time to develop, and it takes time to be cured, whether the condition has seriously progressed or not.
What is treatment for metabolic bone disease?
Treatment may include the administration of medication to improve the calcium level, steroids and diuretics. Hypocalcemia, which occurs when too little calcium is present in the blood. Calcium or vitamin D supplementation may be necessary. If the problem is severe, an injection of calcium gluconate is recommended.
What are 5 bone diseases?
- cervical spondylosis. cervical spondylosis, degenerative disease of the neck vertebrae, causing compression of the spinal cord and cervical nerves.
- polymyalgia rheumatica.
- bone cancer.
- rheumatoid arthritis.
Is metabolic bone disease painful?
In clinical terms, metabolic bone diseases may result in bone pain and loss of height (due to compression of vertebrae), and they predispose patients to fractures.
What is the treatment for metabolic bone disease?
The treatment plan may include exercise, diet changes, hormone therapy with estrogen (ERT) or anti-estrogens (SERMs), or bone-preserving medications such as Calcitonin or Alendronate.