What causes talaromycosis?
Talaromycosis is an infection caused by the fungus Talaromyces marneffei. The name of the fungus and the name of the infection have changed. T. marneffei used to be called Penicillium marneffei, and talaromycosis used to be called penicilliosis.
How is penicilliosis transmitted?
marneffei, the etiological fungus of talaromycosis is transmitted to human through inhalation of spores from soil. It then spreads to the reticuloendothelial system, skin and other organ system through the hematogenous route.
Which species of Penicillium is commonly found in HIV patients?
Penicillium marneffei is a dimorphic fungus which is endemic in Southeast Asia. It is an opportunistic pathogen which has emerged to become an AIDS-defining illness in the endemic areas.
What is Zygomycosis infection?
Mucormycosis (previously called zygomycosis) is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes. These molds live throughout the environment. Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.
What is penicilliosis?
Penicilliosis is an emerging infectious disease caused by the fungus, Talaromyces (Penicillium) marneffei, which is an important pathogenic and thermally dimorphic fungus causing systemic mycosis in South-East Asia.
Can Penicillium cause human infection?
Penicillium marneffei is an emerging pathogenic fungus that can cause a fatal systemic mycosis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
What is Penicilliosis?
What disease does Penicillium cause?
Penicillium marneffei is an emerging pathogenic fungus that can cause a fatal systemic mycosis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). P. marneffei infection is endemic in tropical Asia, especially Thailand, northeastern India, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, and Taiwan (25, 33, 61, 125, 151, 185).
How do you treat zygomycosis?
Mucormycosis is a serious infection and needs to be treated with prescription antifungal medicine, usually amphotericin B, posaconazole, or isavuconazole. These medicines are given through a vein (amphotericin B, posaconazole, isavuconazole) or by mouth (posaconazole, isavuconazole).