What is a cross-sectional study example?
Another example of a cross-sectional study would be a medical study examining the prevalence of cancer amongst a defined population. The researcher can evaluate people of different ages, ethnicities, geographical locations, and social backgrounds.
Is a cross-sectional study an experimental design?
Cross-sectional studies are descriptive studies (neither longitudinal nor experimental). Unlike case-control studies, they can be used to describe, not only the odds ratio, but also absolute risks and relative risks from prevalences (sometimes called prevalence risk ratio, or PRR).
What is a cross-sectional quantitative design?
Quantitative-based cross-sectional designs use data to make statistical inferences about the population of interest or to compare subgroups within a population, while qualitative-based designs focus on interpretive descriptive accounts of a population under observation.
What is the purpose of cross-sectional study?
Unlike longitudinal studies, which look at a group of people over an extended period, cross-sectional studies are used to describe what is happening at the present moment. This type of research is frequently used to determine the prevailing characteristics in a population at a certain point in time.
Why is cross-sectional study good?
The benefit of a cross-sectional study design is that it allows researchers to compare many different variables at the same time. We could, for example, look at age, gender, income and educational level in relation to walking and cholesterol levels, with little or no additional cost.
Is cross-sectional design qualitative or quantitative?
Most cross-sectional studies are quantitative. They gather data through interviews, questionnaires, and focus groups over a certain period in time which may be in the past or the present, and then analyze the results.
What is a cross-sectional mixed methods study?
sectional mixed methods studies that use both quantitative and qualitative approaches. concurrently to test the consistency of both quantitative results and qualitative findings, or to. amplify and enhance the results from one research approach with the findings from the other. methodology.
How do you identify a cross-sectional study?
Defining Characteristics of Cross-Sectional Studies
- The study takes place at a single point in time.
- It does not involve manipulating variables.
- It allows researchers to look at numerous characteristics at once (age, income, gender, etc.)
- It’s often used to look at the prevailing characteristics in a given population.
What level of research is a cross-sectional study?
Cross sectional study designs and case series form the lowest level of the aetiology hierarchy. In the cross sectional design, data concerning each subject is often recorded at one point in time.
What is the main strength of a cross-sectional study?
The main strength of cross-sectional studies is that they are relatively quick and inexpensive to conduct. They are the best way to determine the prevalence and can study the associations of multiple exposures and outcomes.
What is one strength of the cross-sectional design?
They gather immediate results. Immediate results are useful because they are easier to carry out in practice. They are also cheaper because researches only have to be in the area once, and can organise the study more easily than if they to return, perhaps years later.
Is a cross-sectional study descriptive or analytical?
Cross-sectional studies are used both descriptively and analytically. Descriptive cross-sectional studies simply characterize the prevalence of a health outcome in a specified population. Prevalence can be assessed at either one point in time (point prevalence) or over a defined period of time ( period prevalence).