How was the Galapagos Islands formed for kids?

How was the Galapagos Islands formed for kids?

Each of the larger islands in the Galápagos is actually a volcano, and the largest island, Isabela, was formed when six different volcanoes joined together! Because of this, the islands are cone-shaped and have steep mountains. As the volcanoes erupted, the cooling lava built up the islands one layer at a time.

Did you know facts about the Galapagos Islands?

20 Fun Facts about the Galapagos Islands

  • 97 % of the Galapagos is a national park.
  • Galapagos has active volcanos.
  • The number of islands is up for debate.
  • Three varieties of colorful boobies (seabirds)
  • Penguins in the Northern Hemisphere?!?
  • Marine iguanas are excellent swimmers.
  • Any time is a great time to visit.

What animals live on the Galapagos Islands for kids?

Noteworthy species include:

  • Iguanas. Galápagos land iguanas, Conolophus spp.
  • Chelonia. Galápagos tortoise (Galápagos giant tortoise), Geochelone elephantopus, known as galápago in Spanish, it gave the name to the islands.
  • Birds. Flightless cormorant, Phalacrocorax harrisi.
  • Mammals.
  • Echinoderms.

What color is the sand on Isla Rabida?

Rabida is perhaps best known for its red sand beaches. Several small volcanic craters and the high amount of iron in the lava give the island its distinctive red color and overall appearance. Marine iguanas and sea lions can often be found resting in the shade of the nearby caves.

How do you explain an island to a child?

An island is a body of land that is surrounded by water. Some islands are found in rivers, lakes, and ponds, but most islands are in oceans. Some islands, such as Madagascar—which is off the east coast of Africa—are nations.

How many Galápagos Islands are there?

There are thirteen major islands and a handful of smaller islands that make up the Galápagos archipelago. The largest of the islands is called Isabela. It is approximately 129 kilometers (80 miles) long. Repeated volcanic eruptions helped to form the rugged mountain landscape of the Galápagos Islands.

What is the Galapagos Islands famous for?

It is approximately 129 kilometers (80 miles) long. Repeated volcanic eruptions helped to form the rugged mountain landscape of the Galápagos Islands. The Galápagos are best known for their diverse array of plant and animal species. Many species are endemic, which means they are not found anywhere else in the world.

How old is the Galapagos Islands?

Geologically, the Galapagos Islands are quite young, probably no more than five million years old. Some of the westernmost islands, which are the most volcanically active, may only be hundreds of thousands of years old and are still being formed today.

What plants grow in the Galapagos Islands?

Coastal Zone Plants

  • Black Mangrove. It has the highest salt tolerant leaves of all the mangroves the leaves and is equipped with special salt-extracting glands.
  • White Mangrove. White Mangrove grows into a shrub with aerial roots close to the water.
  • Candelabra Cactus.
  • Cutleaf Daisy.
  • Palo Santo.
  • Bracken Ferns.

Why is Rabida Island Red?

The deep red color in the sand comes from the high content of iron in the volcanic material found on the island. As you continue your hike, behind the beach you see the salt brush where the brown pelicans make their nests. This is your best chance to see these brown pelicans up-close so bring your best camera!

What are 5 facts about islands?

Fun Facts about Islands of the World

  • Java is the world’s most populated island with over 130 million people.
  • The highest mountain on an island is Puncak Jaya on the island of New Guinea.
  • Some islands are manmade.
  • The term desert island is an island with no people on it.

What are islands made of?

Some are a part of the continental shelf (continental islands) and made of sediment—sand, silt, and gravel. Barrier islands can also be coral islands, made from billions of tiny coral exoskeletons. Barrier islands are separated from shore by a lagoon or a sound.