Are side groups and functional groups the same?
So in brief: Functional groups are the things you learned about like amines, amides, carboxylic acids, etc. Side chains are parts of a molecule that are considered to be “hanging off” the “main” part of the molecule, and are highly dependent on the context of the discussion.
What are side chains in proteins?
Sidechains are the shapes that stick out from the backbone of a protein. Some sidechains have only one position, but others can be “flipped” to multiple positions.
What do you mean by side chain?
Definition of side chain : a shorter chain or group of atoms attached to a principal chain or to a ring in a molecule.
What is another name for a side chain on an amino acid?
Each of the 20 amino acids has a specific side chain, known as an R group, that is also attached to the α carbon. The R groups have a variety of shapes, sizes, charges, and reactivities.
What is a side group in chemistry?
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called the “main chain” or backbone. The side chain is a hydrocarbon branching element of a molecule that is attached to a larger hydrocarbon backbone.
What is a group side chain?
How many side chains are there?
The Basic Structure of an Amino Acid Finally we have the R group (red), which is a variable side chain. There are 20 different amino acids distinguished by their unique side chains.
What are functional groups and hydrocarbon side groups?
The four distinct hydrocarbon functional groups are: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and arenes. Aromatic compounds derive their names from the fact that many of these compounds in the early days of discovery were grouped because they were oils with fragrant odors.
What are the 6 main functional groups?
Hydroxyl, sulfhydryl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino and phosphate groups.