How do you explain hyponatremia?

How do you explain hyponatremia?

In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted. When this happens, your body’s water levels rise, and your cells begin to swell. This swelling can cause many health problems, from mild to life-threatening.

What is the fastest way to correct sodium?


  1. Intravenous fluids. Your doctor may recommend IV sodium solution to slowly raise the sodium levels in your blood.
  2. Medications. You may take medications to manage the signs and symptoms of hyponatremia, such as headaches, nausea and seizures.

Will eating more salt help hyponatremia?

In elderly patients with a diet poor in protein and sodium, hyponatremia may be worsened by their low solute intake. The kidney’s need to excrete solutes aids in water excretion. An increase in dietary protein and salt can help improve water excretion.

How do you approach hyponatremia?

For serious symptomatic hyponatremia, the first line of treatment is prompt intravenous infusion of hypertonic saline, with a target increase of 6 mmol/L over 24 hours (not exceeding 12 mmol/L) and an additional 8 mmol/L during every 24 hours thereafter until the patient’s serum sodium concentration reaches 130 mmol/L.

What are 3 types of hyponatremia?

Hypovolemic hyponatremia: decrease in total body water with greater decrease in total body sodium. Euvolemic hyponatremia: normal body sodium with increase in total body water. Hypervolemic hyponatremia: increase in total body sodium with greater increase in total body water.

What is the pathophysiology of hyponatremia?

Pathogenesis of hyponatremia Hyponatremia results from the inability of the kidney to excrete a water load or excess water intake. Water intake depends upon thirst mechanism. Thirst is stimulated by increase in osmolality.

How do you raise low sodium levels naturally?

There are many natural ways to regulate sodium levels in blood.

  1. Coconut water: Coconut water is profuse with electrolytes and is good for dehydration.
  2. Banana: Banana for its rich potassium content could prove to be very effective to regulate your dipping sodium levels.
  3. Cheese: 100g of cheese contains 215mg of sodium.

How quickly can you correct hyponatremia?


Clinical recommendation Evidence rating Comments
In patients with severe symptomatic hyponatremia, the rate of sodium correction should be 6 to 12 mEq per L in the first 24 hours and 18 mEq per L or less in 48 hours. C Consensus guidelines based on systematic reviews

Is Gatorade Good for hyponatremia?

In athletes with hyponatremia, low serum sodium levels have been corrected with the administration of an isotonic beverage. Therefore, giving Gatorade® to patients with hyponatremia may be an alternative treatment method to increase serum sodium levels.

How quickly can you correct sodium?

The rate of sodium correction should be 6 to 12 mEq per L in the first 24 hours and 18 mEq per L or less in 48 hours. An increase of 4 to 6 mEq per L is usually sufficient to reduce symptoms of acute hyponatremia.