What are the indications for the use of a traction splint?

What are the indications for the use of a traction splint?

Traction is used to immobilize fractures or dislocations displaced by muscle forces that cannot be adequately controlled with simple splints. The most common indications are vertical shear injuries of the pelvis, unstable hip dislocations, acetabular fractures, and fractures of the proximal femur or femoral shaft.

Can you use a Hare traction splint for an open femur fracture?

Hare Traction Splints Most importantly, the Hare traction splint was more compact, easy, and effective for a femur fracture. The Hare splint is not effective with proximal femur shaft fracture because the ischial pad may rest directly under the fracture. An adult unit is not adjustable for pediatric patients.

What type of splint is best for use on a femur fracture?

Traction splints are most commonly used for fractures of the femur (or upper leg bone). For these fractures they may reduce pain and decrease the amount of bleeding which occurs into the soft tissues of the leg. Some state that they are appropriate for middle tibia fractures which are displaced or bent.

What is a contraindication of a traction splint?

Contraindications for the use of traction splint: ✓ Injury is close to the knee. ✓ Injury to the knee. ✓ Injury to the hip. ✓ Injury to the pelvis.

What are the two types of traction splints?

There are two groups of traction splints:

  • The Thomas half-ring group, which includes the Thomas splint, the modified Thomas splint, the QD-4 Hare traction splint and the Donway traction splint.
  • Non-half-ring group, which includes the Sager splint, and the most advanced; CT-EMS, Carbon Fiber traction system.

What is the principle of traction?

Principles of traction There are many definitions of traction, but put simply, traction is the application of a pulling force for medical purposes, to treat muscle or skeletal disorders – for example, to reduce a fracture, stabilise and maintain bone alignment, relieve pain, or prevent spinal injury.

What are the principles of traction?

Essential principles The grip or hold on the patient’s body must be adequate and secure. Provision for counter traction must be made. There must be minimal friction on the cords and pulleys. The line and magnitude of the pull, once correctly established, must be maintained.

What are the 4 different types of splints?

Splint Types

  • Long leg posterior splint.
  • Stirrup splint.
  • Posterior ankle splint.