What was the dirty war in Argentina and why was it undertaken?
The Dirty War, from 1976-1983, was a seven-year campaign by the Argentine government against suspected dissidents and subversives. Many people, both opponents of the government as well as innocent people, were “disappeared” in the middle of the night.
What was the Dirty War that occurred in Argentina?
Dirty War, Spanish Guerra Sucia, also called Process of National Reorganization, Spanish Proceso de Reorganización Nacional or El Proceso, infamous campaign waged from 1976 to 1983 by Argentina’s military dictatorship against suspected left-wing political opponents.
Why was the Dirty War called the Dirty War?
It was part of a larger series of political coups called Operation Condor, a campaign sponsored and supported by the United States. The military dictatorship that resulted called itself the “Process of National Reorganization,” or “Proceso,” and dubbed its activities the Dirty War.
Who led the dirty war in Argentina?
After a military junta led by Gen Jorge Videla seized power in Argentina on 24 March 1976, it began a campaign to wipe out left-wing opponents. Some 30,000 people were killed or forcibly disappeared during the “Dirty War”, as the campaign came to be known.
Who were the targets of the Dirty War?
Jews were a prime target of Argentina’s self-styled “Western and Christian” military dictatorship during the “dirty war” of the late 1970s, accounting for a disproportionate number of the thousands of “disappearances”, a report has confirmed.
What is a cowboy in Argentina called?
gaucho, the nomadic and colourful horseman and cowhand of the Argentine and Uruguayan Pampas (grasslands), who flourished from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century and has remained a folk hero similar to the cowboy in western North America.
What is a gaucho knife?
A facón is a fighting and utility knife widely used in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay as the principal tool and weapon of the gaucho of the South American pampas. Often fitted with an elaborately decorated metal hilt and sheath, the facón has a large, heavy blade measuring from 25 cm (10 in.) to 51 cm (20 in.)
What is mate for Argentinians?
Mate is a popular beverage in several South American countries and ubiquitous in Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is made using leaves and twigs from the yerba mate plant, a holly-like shrub, which are steeped in hot water to make mate or cold water to make tereré.
Did Gauchos carry guns?
Gaucho weapons were the lasso, knife, and boleadoras (or bolas), a device made of leather cords and three iron balls or stones that was thrown at the legs of an animal to entwine and immobilize it.
What is a Facon knife?
The Facon is the national knife of Argentina where the Gauchos made it famous as its large and simply shaped blade proved ideal for everything from dispatching game and livestock to repairing tack and saddles to cooking and eating the evening meal.
Why is mate so popular in Argentina?
Mate is a proud cultural bond in a part of the continent colonized by immigrants of disparate ancestries. And, for Argentines especially, who usually eschew Latin America and look to Europe, mate is a link to the nation’s Indian and Spanish colonial heritage.
What is gaucho knife?