Is Nepal an ethnic federalism?

Is Nepal an ethnic federalism?

Features of ethnic federalism have been displayed also in other countries, including Nepal, Pakistan, South Sudan, Yugoslavia, and Apartheid-era South Africa (see Bantustans).

What was a reason behind for declaring federalism in Nepal?

Federalism has been seen as the answer to solving regional inequality and reducing the economic, social and religious discrimination; the country has transformed into a federal structure as a result. Nepal has been a federal democratic republican state since 28 May 2008 (15th Jestha, 2065 BS).

What was federalism implemented in Nepal?

With the promulgation of its constitution in 2015, Nepal replaced a unitary government with a federal system of government. This process has made Nepal a federal democratic republic governed with three levels of government: a federal level, seven provinces and 753 local government.

How we have adopted the fiscal federalism in Nepal?

The well-design fiscal arrangements for federal Nepal have become necessary. The Federal Democratic Republic Constitution of Nepal 2015 has provided the model of fiscal federalism based on the recommendation presented by the Committee on Natural Resources, Economic Rights and Revenue Allocation.

What is ethnicity explain the reasons of ethnic wear?

consistent with instrumentalists, ethnicity may be a results of personal choice and mostly independent from the situational context or the presence of cultural and biological traits. Ethnic conflict arises if ethnic groups compete for an equivalent goal—notably power, access to resources, or territory.

What is the main concept of federalism?

Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government. Generally, an overarching national government is responsible for broader governance of larger territorial areas, while the smaller subdivisions, states, and cities govern the issues of local concern.

What is important about federalism?

Federalism provides a way for different groups of people in different parts of the country to live together. Federal systems have at least two levels of government, the central level and a second level that includes territorial entities into which the country is divided, e.g. regions, states, provinces.

What was the purpose of fiscal federalism?

The field of fiscal federalism studies how to divide responsibilities (including finances) among federal, state, and local governments to improve economic efficiency and achieve various public policy objectives.

What are the principles of fiscal federalism?

The principles of fiscal federalism are concerned with the design of fiscal constitutions – that is, how taxing, spending, and regulatory functions are allocated among governments and how intergov- ernmental transfers are structured.

What are the problems of ethnicity?

Consequences of ethnicity are:

  • Communal conflicts.
  • Political violence.
  • Religious violence.
  • Discrimination.
  • Underdevelopment.
  • Waste of resources.

What are the main causes of ethnic conflict?

Causes of ethnic conflict Underlying causes include structural factors, political factors, economic and social factors, and cultural and perceptual factors.