What happens during the translation phase?
Translation: Beginning, middle, and end Elongation (“middle”): in this stage, amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNAs and linked together to form a chain. Termination (“end”): in the last stage, the finished polypeptide is released to go and do its job in the cell.
What happens during translation of a protein?
Translation takes place on ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm, where mRNA is read and translated into the string of amino acid chains that make up the synthesized protein.
What happens during the process of translation of protein synthesis quizlet?
What happens during the process of translation? The cell uses information from messenger RNA to produce proteins.
What is translation synthesis?
translation, the synthesis of protein from RNA. Hereditary information is contained in the nucleotide sequence of DNA in a code. The coded information from DNA is copied faithfully during transcription into a form of RNA known as messenger RNA (mRNA), which is then translated into chains of amino acids.
What happened during the process of translation quizlet?
What occurs during the process of translation? During translation the cell uses information from the mRNA to produce proteins.
What is the product of translation phase?
In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.
What happens during the three stages of translation?
Translation of an mRNA molecule occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination. Initiation: The ribosome assembles around the target mRNA and the start codon 5′ AUG is recognized.
What are the steps in the process of translation?
There are three major steps to translation: Initiation, Elongation, and Termination. The ribosome is made of two separate subunits: the small subunit and the large subunit. During initiation the small subunit attaches to the 5′ end of mRNA.
Which process takes place during translation?
Translation consists of initiation, elongation, and termination.
What are the steps of translation in biology quizlet?
Terms in this set (3)
- Initiation. -the ribosomes attaches at a specific site of the mRNA (the short codon-AUG) -The small and large ribosomal subunites combine.
- Elongation. -peptide bonds join the amino acids together in sequence.
- Termination. -The process ends when a stop codon is reached by tRNA.
What is the product of translation quizlet?
What is the end product of translation? Polypeptide chain to make a protein.