Are ribose and deoxyribose nucleic acids?

Are ribose and deoxyribose nucleic acids?

There are two types of nucleic acids that are important to living things. These molecules are also polymers of smaller units called nucleotides; each nucleotide consist of a sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and one of several “bases” that are either purines or pyrimidines.

What is the difference between a nucleoside nucleotide and Nucleobase?

A nucleoside consists simply of a nucleobase (also termed a nitrogenous base) and a five-carbon sugar (ribose or 2′-deoxyribose) whereas a nucleotide is composed of a nucleobase, a five-carbon sugar, and one or more phosphate groups.

What is the difference between deoxyribose sugars and ribose sugars found in nucleic acids?

The key difference between deoxyribose and ribose is that the deoxyribose, the sugar found in DNA, lacks oxygen atom on carbon 2 of the sugar ring while ribose, the sugar found in RNA, has a hydroxyl group on carbon 2 of the sugar ring. Nucleic acids are probably the most fundamental biological molecules.

What are the two types of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are naturally occurring chemical compounds that serve as the primary information-carrying molecules in cells. They play an especially important role in directing protein synthesis. The two main classes of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).

Why is deoxyribose called deoxyribose?

Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. Deoxyribose is most notable for its presence in DNA.

What is the difference between deoxyribose and ribose quizlet?

ribose is a pentose sugar, whereas deoxyribose is a hexose sugar. deoxyribose is found in RNA, whereas ribose is found in DNA. ribose binds a phosphate at the 3′ position, whereas deoxyribose binds a phosphate at the 2′ position. deoxyribose has one less oxygen molecule than ribose.

What are types of deoxyribonucleic acid?

DNA is a linear molecule composed of four types of smaller chemical molecules called nucleotide bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). The order of these bases is called the DNA sequence.

What is B DNA and Z DNA?

Important Differences between B DNA and Z DNA Commonly occurring structural conformations of DNA are – A-DNA, B-DNA and Z-DNA. The key difference between form B DNA and Z DNA is that the B-DNA is right-handed, while the Z-DNA is left-handed.

How does ribose become deoxyribose?

An enzyme known as ribonucleotide reductase removes an oxygen molecule from one of the carbons of a ribose sugar. The result is deoxyribose, the base of DNA.

What are the three components of a nucleotide?

A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base. The bases used in DNA are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T). In RNA, the base uracil (U) takes the place of thymine.

What are the 3 components of a nucleotide quizlet?

nucleotide –> composed of three parts: nitrogenous base, five-carbon sugar (pentose), and phosphate group.

Is deoxyribose a purine or pyrimidine?

Table 17.1. 1: Composition of Nucleotides in DNA and RNA

Composition DNA RNA
purine bases adenine and guanine adenine and guanine
pyrimidine bases cytosine and thymine cytosine and uracil
pentose sugar 2-deoxyribose ribose
inorganic acid phosphoric acid (H3PO4) H3PO4

What is the difference between purine and Pyramid?

The purines, adenine and thymine, are smaller two-ringed bases, while the pyrimidines, cytosine and uracil, are larger and have a single ring. B. The pyrimidines, cytosine and uracil, are smaller and have a single ring, while the purines, adenine and guanine, are larger and have two rings.

What are the 3 types of nucleic acids?


  • Deoxyribonucleic acid.
  • Ribonucleic acid.
  • Artificial nucleic acid.

Why is RNA ribose and DNA deoxyribose?

Adjacent ribose nucleotide bases are chemically attached to one another in a chain via chemical bonds called phosphodiester bonds. Unlike DNA, RNA is usually single-stranded. Additionally, RNA contains ribose sugars rather than deoxyribose sugars, which makes RNA more unstable and more prone to degradation.

Is ribose in DNA or RNA?

Sugar. Both DNA and RNA are built with a sugar backbone, but whereas the sugar in DNA is called deoxyribose (left in image), the sugar in RNA is called simply ribose (right in image).