What structures are in the retroperitoneum?
The retroperitoneal space contains the kidneys, adrenal glands, pancreas, nerve roots, lymph nodes, abdominal aorta, and inferior vena cava.
What are the three regions of the retroperitoneal space?
Horizontal plane through the kidneys, showing subdivisions of the retroperitoneal space….The retroperitoneum can be further subdivided into the following:
- Perirenal (or perinephric) space.
- Anterior pararenal (or paranephric) space.
- Posterior pararenal (or paranephric) space.
What are the borders of retroperitoneal space?
Along the posterior abdominal wall, the retroperitoneal space is bordered by the fascia of the diaphragm (superiorly), psoas, quadratus lumborum (posteriorly), and transversalis fascia (laterally).
How do you remember retroperitoneal organs?
One easy way to remember which abdominopelvic organs are retroperitoneal is to use a mnemonic such as SAD PUCKER:
- S = Suprarenal (adrenal) glands.
- A = Aorta/Inferior Vena Cava.
- D = Duodenum (second and third segments)
- P = Pancreas.
- U = Ureters.
- C = Colon (ascending and descending only)
- K = Kidneys.
- E = Esophagus.
Where is the retroperitoneal space located?
The retroperitoneum is an anatomical space located behind the abdominal or peritoneal cavity. Abdominal organs that are not suspended by the mesentery and lie between the abdominal wall and parietal peritoneum are said to lie within the retroperitoneum. Several individual spaces make up the retroperitoneum.
Which organ is primarily retroperitoneal?
The primary retroperitoneal organs develop and remain outside of the peritoneal cavity and include the adrenal glands, kidneys, and ureter as well as the abdominal aorta, inferior vena cava, and their respective branches.
What is Scarpa fascia?
Scarpa’s fascia is a dense collagenous connective tissue layer of the anterior abdominal wall. It is considerably thinner than Camper’s fascia. It contains a large number of orange elastic fibers and loose connective tissue.
What is Endopelvic fascia?
The endopelvic fascia is the enveloping connective tissue network for the pelvic viscera, suspending, supporting and fusing the pelvic organs to the arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis, which itself inserts onto the pelvic sidewalls and pubic bones.
What is Buck’s fascia?
Buck’s fascia is the deep layer of the penile fascia that covers both the corpora cavernosa and the corpus spongiosum in separate fascial compartments.