What did Paul Baltes propose?

What did Paul Baltes propose?

German psychologist Paul Baltes, a leading expert on lifespan development and aging, developed one of the approaches to studying development called the lifespan perspective. This approach is based on several key principles: Development occurs across one’s entire life, or is lifelong.

Which theory is Paul Baltes known for?

Paul B. Baltes was born in Saarlouis, Germany. He is credited with developing theories about lifespan and wisdom, the selective optimization with compensation theory, and theories about successful aging and developing.

Who proposed life-span theory?

4.2 The Lifespan Theory of Control. Heckhausen and Schulz (Heckhausen and Schulz 1995, Schulz and Heckhausen 1996) have developed the lifespan theory of control which proposes that the desire to exert control over ones environment and thus realize primary control rules the system of control behavior.

What is life-span theory?

Life-span developmental theory concerns. the study of individual development, or ontogenesis, from conception to death. A key assumption of this theory is that develop- ment does not cease when adulthood is reached (Baltes, Lindenberger, & Staudinger, 1998, p.

What does Baltes say that wisdom is?

Baltes and colleagues define wisdom as expertise in the conduct and meaning of life. According to their theory, a wise person is someone who knows what is most important in life and how to get it.

What are the 5 characteristics of human development?


  • Development is lifelong. This characteristic of life-span perspective.
  • Development is plastic.
  • Development is multidimensional.
  • Development is contextual.
  • Development involves growth, This characteristic of life-span perspective.

What is the wear and tear theory?

The wear and tear theory of aging is an idea proposed by German biologist, Dr. August Wiesmann, in 1882. The theory suggests that aging results from a gradual deterioration of the cells and tissues of the body via wear and tear, oxidative stress, exposure to radiation, toxins, or other deteriorative processes.

What is motivational theory of lifespan development?

The Motivational Theory of Lifespan Development (MTD) explains the processes by which humans optimally pursue their developmental goals. Development is most successful when humans pursue appropriate goals, engage in goal-directed efforts to pursue their goals, and disengage when goals have been achieved or are no …

What is the best theory of development?

Freud’s Psychosexual Developmental Theory Freud proposed one of the best-known grand theories of child development. According to Freud’s psychosexual theory, child development occurs in a series of stages focused on different pleasure areas of the body.

What was Erik Erikson’s theory is all about?

Much like psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Erikson’s theory marked a shift from Freud’s psychosexual theory in that it describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan instead of simply focusing on childhood events.

What does Baltes say that wisdom is quizlet?

According to Baltes et al 1998 wisdom is expertise in lifes fundamentals, permitting exceptional insight and judgement in complex and uncertain matters.