What is dysmorphology?

What is dysmorphology?

Dysmorphology is the study of congenital structural malformations or anomalies, commonly called birth defects.

What is teratology study?

Teratology is the science that studies the causes, mechanisms, and patterns of abnormal development.

What is teratology in embryology?

Teratology is the study of abnormal fetal development. For an agent to be labeled a teratogen, it must significantly increase the occurrence of adverse structural or functional abnormalities in offspring after its administration to the female during pregnancy or directly to the developing organism.

What is teratology example?

Keywords: teratogenicity. Teratogens are substances that may produce physical or functional defects in the human embryo or fetus after the pregnant woman is exposed to the substance. Alcohol and cocaine are examples of such substances.

What is fetal dysmorphology?

Dysmorphology is the study of human congenital anomalies (birth defects), particularly those affecting the anatomy (morphology) of the individual. Fetal Dysmorphology is a branch of Fetal Medicine and Clinical Genetics concerned with human teratology and congenital malformations diagnosed and managed antenataly.

What is facial dysmorphology?

A dysmorphic feature is an abnormal difference in body structure. It can be an isolated finding in an otherwise normal individual, or it can be related to a congenital disorder, genetic syndrome or birth defect. Dysmorphology is the study of dysmorphic features, their origins and proper nomenclature.

How do the terms Embryology and teratology differ?

Embryology is a sub-discipline of developmental biology that relates to life before birth. Teratology (τέρατος (teratos) meaning ‘monster’ or ‘marvel’) relates to abnormal development and congenital abnormalities (i.e. morphofunctional impairments).

What is teratology in psychology?

Teratology is the medical discipline that focuses on birth defects and congenital abnormalities. Most teratological professionals provide consultative services to pregnant women, or engage in complex research.

What is the difference between Embryology and teratology?

What is teratology in biology?

Teratology is the branch of medical science which studies the causes and underlying mechanisms of congenital birth defects. A teratogen can consist of any chemical, infectious or environmental agent capable of disrupting normal embryo-fetal development following exposure during pregnancy.

What are the principles of teratology?

In considering the effects of drugs on pregnancy, it is important to remember the 6 principles of teratology: genetic susceptibility, development stage, mechanisms, end points, access, and dose response.

How do the terms embryology and teratology differ?