## How does a turnstile antenna work?

A Turnstile Antenna (also know as a crossed-dipole antenna) consists of a set of two identical dipole antennas placed at right angles (90º) to each other. These antennas are fed with an in phase quadrature signal i.e the signal to each dipole is +/- 90 degrees out of phase with each other.

### What is a canted antenna?

The canted turnstile is formed from four monopole antennas approximately one quarter wavelength long. The bases of the antennas are usually separated by some distance (d) and the antennas are tilted at an angle (a) to the plane containing the bases (Figure 3)

When was the turnstile antenna invented?

The turnstile antenna invented in 1936 by Brown [1] is a valuable tool to create a circularly-polarized pattern (RHCP or LHCP). It is commonly used in mobile communications.

Who invented the turnstile antenna?

engineer George Brown
The turnstile antenna was invented by engineer George Brown at RCA in 1935. This example consisted of 6 stacked turnstile “bays” on a 70 foot mast. Each “bay” consists of two crossed 3.6 meter dipole driven elements, fed in quadrature (with a 90° phase difference).

## How do slot antennas work?

A slot antenna consists of a metal surface, usually a flat plate, with one or more holes or slots cut out. When the plate is driven as an antenna by an applied radio frequency current, the slot radiates electromagnetic waves in a way similar to a dipole antenna.

### How does Marconi antenna work?

The Marconi antenna is a vertical wire with a length of 1/4 of the working wavelength, feeded through its lower end. It needs a ground plane with very good conductivity. The Marconi radiator is resonant to any odd multiple of a quarter-wave length.

Does a discone antenna have any gain?

The specs for the discone are unity gain with a maximum VSWR or 1.5:1 accross 132 Mhz – 3 GHz.

What is the difference between slot antenna and patch antenna?

A patch antenna is used by most GPSs. They don’t have to be rectangular; they can also be polarized in a circular fashion. A slot antenna is a hole in a flat piece of metal or other conductor that serves as an antenna. It’s similar to a dipole in that it has a complementary version.

## Do bowtie antennas work?

Biconical antennas, including bowtie antennas, have poor transmitting efficiencies in the low end of their frequency range. A log periodic antenna is better in that regard. A bowtie antenna isn’t as well suited as a full biconical antenna in RF sniffing or RF signal detection.