## What is above the line and below the line finance?

Above-the-line costs include all costs above the gross profit, while below-the-line costs include costs below gross profit. Above-the-line costs are often referred to as the cost of goods sold (COGS), while below-the-line is operating and interest expenses and taxes. This definition mostly relates to manufacturers.

What is below the line on a financial statement?

Below the line refers to line items in the income statement that do not directly impact a firm’s reported profits. A firm may classify certain expenditures as being capital expenditures, thereby pushing them below the line by shifting them from the income statement to the balance sheet.

How do you calculate bottom line?

How Do You Calculate the Bottom Line? The bottom line is calculated by deducting expenses from gross revenues or sales. Gross sales or revenues generally include the total sales and other income for a certain period.

### How do you calculate top line?

Top line revenue is calculated by adding up all of the revenue that you have generated from your customers over a certain time period. For example, if you had a total of \$1,000,000 in revenue during the month of January, your top line revenue for January would be \$1,000,000.

What is total above the line?

Above the line credits (also called ATL) in film production refer to the positions responsible for the creative development of the film—before pre-production or principal photography ever begins. The people in these positions make major decisions about the look and feel of the project.

What items are included in the below the line costs?

The “line” generally refers to gross profit. Above that line on the income statement, typically, are sales and COGS (cost of goods sold) or COS (cost of sales or cost of services). Below the line are operating expenses, interest, and taxes.

## What is an above the line cost?

For manufacturing businesses, above-the-line costs are any costs necessary to make a gross profit or the cost of goods sold (COGS). For businesses that provide a service instead of a product, above-the-line costs are costs deducted from the operating profit.

What is a below the line adjustment?

Below-the-line deductions, more commonly known as itemized deductions, include any deduction reported beneath the line for AGI calculation on your tax return. While both deductions ultimately reduce your taxable income, some can have a more favorable impact on your tax bill than others.

What is topline finance?

The top line, which is part of the income statement of a company, refers to the gross sales or total revenue of the company.

### How is bottom line margin calculated?

On a hypothetical income statement, a company will record its gross profit near the top and its total expenses right below. The figures will then be subtracted to find the net income – the bottom line.

What is the topline?

The top line is a reference to gross figures reported by a company, such as sales or revenue. It is called the top line because it is displayed at the very top of a company’s income statement, and is reserved for the reporting of gross sales or revenue.

What does above the line mean in business?

Above the line refers to all revenue generated and expenses incurred by a business that have a direct impact on reported profits. In effect, the term includes all activity reported on an organization’s income statement.