## What are the 7 types of waves in the electromagnetic spectrum PDF?

The electromagnetic spectrum includes, from longest wavelength to shortest: radio waves, microwaves, infrared, optical, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma-rays.

What is the electromagnetic theory?

Electromagnetic theory based on Maxwell’s equations establishes the basic principle of electrical and electronic circuits over the entire frequency spectrum from dc to optics. It is the basis of Kirchhoff’s current and voltage laws for low-frequency circuits and Snell’s law of reflection in optics.

What are the main points of electromagnetic waves theory?

The main points of electromagnetic wave theory were : When an electrically charged particle moves under acceleration, alternating electrical and magnetic fields are produced and transmitted. These fields are transmitted in the form of waves. These waves are called electromagnetic waves or electromagnetic radiations.

### What is Maxwell’s electromagnetic wave theory?

In his formulation of electromagnetism, Maxwell described light as a propagating wave of electric and magnetic fields. More generally, he predicted the existence of electromagnetic radiation: coupled electric and magnetic fields traveling as waves at a speed equal to the known speed of light.

Who gave electromagnetic wave theory?

Heinrich Hertz was a brilliant German physicist and experimentalist who demonstrated that the electromagnetic waves predicted by James Clerk Maxwell actually exist. Hertz is also the man whose peers honored by attaching his name to the unit of frequency; a cycle per second is one hertz.

Why do we study electromagnetic theory?

EM theory is an essential basis for understanding the devices, methods, and systems used for electrical energy. Both electric and magnetic fields are defined in terms of the forces they produce.

## Who discovered electromagnetic wave theory?

What is the history of electromagnetic theory?

A theory of electromagnetism, known as classical electromagnetism, was developed by various physicists during the period between 1820 and 1873 when it culminated in the publication of a treatise by James Clerk Maxwell, which unified the preceding developments into a single theory and discovered the electromagnetic …

What are the applications of electromagnetic theory?

Electromagnetic waves have a vast range of practical everyday applications that includes such diverse uses as communication by cell phone and radio broadcasting, WiFi, cooking, vision, medical imaging, and treating cancer.

### Who discovered electromagnetic theory?

About 150 years ago, James Clerk Maxwell, an English scientist, developed a scientific theory to explain electromagnetic waves. He noticed that electrical fields and magnetic fields can couple together to form electromagnetic waves.

Why is light called electromagnetic wave?

Maxwell predicted that magnetic and electric fields travel in the form of waves and these waves move at the speed of light. This led Maxwell to predict that light itself was carried by electromagnetic waves which means that light is a form of electromagnetic radiation.

What is the smallest electromagnetic wave?

Gamma Rays-
Gamma Rays-have the smallest wavelengths and the most energy of any other wave in the electromagnetic spectrum. These waves are generated by radioactive atoms and in nuclear explosions.