An anchored bulkhead is usually in the form of a steel sheet-pile wall supported by ties at one level only and by passive pressure against the toe. However, anchored bulkheads may also be constructed with timber, precast reinforced concrete sheet piles, or continuous-bored piles.

Where are we used anchored sheet pile and why?

The anchored sheet piles are recommended for walls of height exceed 6 m. By using anchor rods, the required penetration depth and the cross sectional area of the sheet piles were decreased.

What is anchored pile wall?

A parametric study using numerical modelling is performed to investigate the behavior of an anchored sheet pile wall. The anchoring system is modeled by a combination of connectors (which do not interact with the soil) and geo-grids (which do interact with the soil and are used to account for grouting).

What is a relieving platform?

A type of wharf construction that features a low level platform and batter piles to resist horizontal forces and fill placed on the platform to resist the vertical component of the batter pile forces. (

Which earth pressure theory is applicable to bulkheads?

Explanation: According to me the Anchor theory of earth pressure is directly applicable to bulk-heads. The theory basically deals with the properties and distribution of Sand and soil.

What is cantilever sheet pile?

Cantilever sheet piles are used where the height of the soil or water to be retained is smaller than 4.5 m. The various forces acting on a cantilever sheet pile wall are the active earth pressure on the back of the wall and the passive earth pressure on the front of the wall.

What are the uses of sheet piles?

Sheet pile walls have been used to support excavations for below-grade parking structures, basements, pump houses, and foundations, to construct cofferdams, and to construct seawalls and bulkheads. Permanent steel sheet piles are designed to provide a long service life.

Why are retaining walls constructed?

A retaining wall is a structure designed and constructed to resist the lateral pressure of soil, when there is a desired change in ground elevation that exceeds the angle of repose of the soil.

Where are sheet piles used?

Sheet piles are commonly used for retaining walls, land reclamation, underground structures such as car parks and basements, in marine locations for riverbank protection, seawalls, cofferdams, and so on. Permanent steel sheet piles are designed to provide a long service life.

What is dredge line in sheet pile?

Dredge line is the bottom line (ground surface) after excavation and usually referred to sheet piles. Refer below diagram for better understanding. Dredge line is the bottom line (ground surface) after excavation and usually referred to sheet piles.

What are piles used for?

A pile is a long cylinder made up of a strong material, such as concrete. Piles are pushed into the ground to act as a steady support for structures built on top of them. Piles transfer the loads from structures to hard strata, rocks, or soil with high bearing capacity.