What is the purpose of the random hexamer primers?

What is the purpose of the random hexamer primers?

Random Hexamer Primers are commonly used for priming single-stranded DNA or RNA for extension by DNA polymerases or reverse transcriptases. During cDNA generation, random priming gives random coverage to all regions of the RNA to generate a cDNA pool containing various lengths of cDNA.

Why were random hexamers used as a primer in the cDNA reactions rather than oligo dT?

Random primers are short oligonucleotides that have a random sequence. Since they are usually 6 nucleotides in length, they are often known as random hexamers. The random sequence enables the unbiased binding of primers to anywhere on most types of RNA including rRNA and small RNAs.

What is the difference between oligo dT and random primers?

The key difference between random primers and oligo dT is that the random primer is a mixture of all possible hexamer oligonucleotide sequences, while the oligo dT primer consists of a single-stranded stretch of 12–18 deoxythymidines.

What is random Labelling?

Random primed labeling, based on the method of Feinberg and Vogelstein (1) is a method of incorporating radioactive nucleotides along the length of a fragment of DNA. Random primed labeling can give specific activities of between 2 × 10(9) and 5 × 10(9) dpm/μg (see Note 1).

How does Oligo dT work?

Oligo(dT) primers amplify only mRNAs containing a poly(A) tail, since that is where the primer binds to promote reverse transcription. Random primers amplify most RNA species, including degraded RNA and viral genomes.

What are oligo dT primers?

Oligo dT primers are oligonucleotides that contain a segment of repeating deoxythymidines (dT). The dT anneal to the polyadenosine (polyA) tails of messenger RNA (mRNA), guiding the synthesis of complementary DNA (cDNA). Oligo dT primers are well-established reagents in cDNA synthesis and RT-PCR.

What is random primer Labelling?

What is DNA Labelling?

Nucleic acids are readily labeled with tags that facilitate detection or purification. A variety of enzymatic or chemical methods are available to generate nucleic acids labeled with radioactive phosphates, fluorophores, or nucleotides modified with biotin or digoxygenin for example.