What is the story behind Notre-Dame de Paris?

What is the story behind Notre-Dame de Paris?

The cathedral was initiated by Maurice de Sully, bishop of Paris, who about 1160 conceived the idea of converting into a single building, on a larger scale, the ruins of the two earlier basilicas. The foundation stone was laid by Pope Alexander III in 1163, and the high altar was consecrated in 1189.

What historical events happened in Notre-Dame?

10 dates that marked the history of Notre-Dame de Paris

  • 1163: the laying of the first stone.
  • 1239: An invaluable relic.
  • 1272: a gem of Gothic style.
  • 1789: the Temple of Reason.
  • 1804: the coronation of Napoleon.
  • 1831: Victor Hugo to the rescue.
  • 1844: the spire of Viollet-Le-Duc.
  • 1944 : a “Magnificat” for the Libération.

What happened to Notre-Dame in 1789?

After the French Revolution in 1789, Notre-Dame and the rest of the church’s property in France was seized and made public property. The cathedral was rededicated in 1793 to the Cult of Reason, and then to the Cult of the Supreme Being in 1794.

How was Notre-Dame destroyed?

On 15 April 2019, just before 18:20 CEST, the Notre-Dame de Paris fire broke out beneath the roof of the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris. By the time the structure fire was extinguished, the building’s spire had collapsed, most of its roof had been destroyed, and its upper walls were severely damaged.

What makes Notre Dame special?

Notre Dame has a unique spirit. It is traditional, yet open to change. It is dedicated to religious belief no less than to scientific knowledge. It has always stood for values in a world of facts.

What caused the Notre-Dame fire?

A definitive cause of the blaze has not yet been established, although it has been ruled as accidental, and possibly linked to restoration work taking place in the spire at the time.

Why was the stained glass in Notre-Dame removed during WWII?

During World War II, fearing destruction by Nazi soldiers, the cathedral’s famed stained glass was removed — in particular to protect the rose windows, which survived Monday’s blaze, as did the iconic bell towers. Many other pieces of art also survived.

How did Notre Dame survive the French Revolution?

France’s violent separation of church and state was complete. Despite its brush with destruction, Notre-Dame retained its powerful symbolism. After the Revolution, it bounced back from the looting. Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself emperor there in 1804.

Who caused the Notre Dame fire?

What treasures were lost in Notre Dame?

Notre Dame cathedral fire: What treasures were lost, what were…

  • CROWN OF THORNS. Regarded as the cathedral’s most sacred relic, Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo says the Crown of Thorns was saved.

What artifacts were lost in Notre-Dame?

The cathedral’s two 69-metre bell towers remain intact, but the spire and roof have been lost. In a piece of news that shocked the world, Notre Dame Cathedral, a church that’s over 850-years-old located in the heart of Paris caught on fire on April 15.