What did the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act do in 2008?
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) – PDF was signed into law on May 21, 2008. GINA protects individuals against discrimination based on their genetic information in health coverage and in employment.
What are the key components of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008?
GINA was enacted to remedy this situation. GINA is divided into two main parts: Title I, which prohibits discrimination based on genetic information by health insurers; and Title II, which prohibits discrimination in employment based on genetic information.
What does the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act state?
GINA prevents employers from making job-related decisions, such as hiring and firing, based on genetic health information. In addition, it prohibits health insurers from determining the eligibility, cost, coverage, or benefits of a health insurance policy based on an individual’s genetic information.
What data does the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act not protect?
GINA also does not protect against genetic discrimination in forms of insurance other than health insurance, such as life, disability, or long-term care insurance.
What are examples of genetic discrimination?
Genetic information discrimination also occurs when an employer unlawfully obtains genetic information. For example, it is illegal for an employer to perform an Internet search to find information about an employee’s family medical history (medical conditions of relatives).
When must an employer comply with the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act GINA )?
Does my employer have to comply with GINA? GINA applies to all employers with 15 or more employees, regardless if it is a not‐for‐profit organization or a corporation. GINA’s protections in employment do not extend to the US military or employees of the federal government.
What qualifies genetic information?
Definition of “Genetic Information” Genetic information includes information about an individual’s genetic tests and the genetic tests of an individual’s family members, as well as information about the manifestation of a disease or disorder in an individual’s family members (i.e. family medical history).
Who controls a person’s genetic information?
Any Genetic Information (your DNA data and any information derived from it) belongs to the person who provided the DNA sample, subject only to the rights granted to AncestryDNA in this Agreement.”
What is an example of genetic discrimination?
What is an example of genetic information discrimination?
However, genetic information can also be used unfairly to discriminate against or stigmatize individuals on the job. For example, people may be denied jobs or benefits because they possess particular genetic traits – even if that trait has no bearing on their ability to do the job.
Do I own my own DNA?
However, under current law, individuals do not own their DNA or any other body tissue to that extent – and correctly so. DNA is naturally occurring and can’t be manipulated outside of a laboratory, so no one has initial control over it. And if they did own it, some unwanted implications would immediately arise.