Who led the Enlightenment?
Some of the most important writers of the Enlightenment were the Philosophes of France, especially Voltaire and the political philosopher Montesquieu. Other important Philosophes were the compilers of the Encyclopédie, including Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Condorcet.
What did John Locke believe?
John Locke’s philosophy inspired and reflected Enlightenment values in its recognition of the rights and equality of individuals, its criticism of arbitrary authority (e.g., the divine right of kings), its advocacy of religious toleration, and its general empirical and scientific temperament.
What were two major beliefs of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and cultural movement in the eighteenth century that emphasized reason over superstition and science over blind faith.
Who are the most famous Enlightenment?
10 Key Figures of The Enlightenment
- John Locke (1632–1704)
- Frederick the Great (1712–1786)
- Voltaire (1694–1778)
- Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790)
- Denis Diderot (1713–1784)
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)
- Thomas Paine (1737–1809)
- David Hume (1711-1776)
What ended the Enlightenment?
1685 – 1815Age of Enlightenment / Period
What is Locke most famous for?
John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
What were Locke’s 3 main ideas?
Locke famously wrote that man has three natural rights: life, liberty and property. In his “Thoughts Concerning Education” (1693), Locke argued for a broadened syllabus and better treatment of students—ideas that were an enormous influence on Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novel “Emile” (1762).